1.Overview of soil systems (historical review, soil systems, soil genesis).
2. Soil particle-size analysis (classification of soil particles and their role in nature, soil textural classes).
3. Soil minerals (primary minerals: structure, physicochemical properties, weathering; secondary minerals: structure, physicochemical properties of clay-silicate minerals; Fe and Al oxides and hydroxides).
4. Chemical properties of soils (cation exchange and its role in plant nutrition, base saturation, Z-electric potential, clay flocculation-deflocculation, soil acidity and its role, management of acid soils, soil buffering capacities).
5. Soil organic matter (humic and organometalic complexes, clay-humic complexes, the role and properties of organic matter).
6. Soil physical properties (structure, porosity, structure improvement, soil solution and electrolytes, soil temperature and its role).
7. Soil morphology (soil profile, color, soil catenas and their description; soil horizons and epipedons; soil taxonomy; classes of Greek soils, Soil maps and description of soil map units).
8. Introduction to soil fertility (fertility evaluation; macro- and micro- nutrients).
9. Fertilizers: characteristics, production and use.